As you get older, your risk for prostate problems, such as an enlarged prostate and prostate cancer increase. The good news is, prostate cancer is preventable. There is also evidence that a healthy diet and regular exercise can reduce prostate problems and slow prostate cancer progression.
If you’re ready to become more proactive about maintaining good prostate health, read effective diet and exercise tips for prostate health below.
Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Salmon and tuna are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which can help prevent prostate cancer and slow tumor progression in those who have it. Fish that contain omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals are more beneficial than simply taking supplements.
Strawberries, blackberries, blueberries, and raspberries are rich in vitamin C and high in antioxidants (anthocyanins), which counter oxidative stress or damage caused by free radicals. With increased oxidative stress, healthy cells can become damaged, including the cells and DNA in your prostate, which can lead to cancerous changes. Antioxidants prevent damage caused by free radicals.
Containing another powerful antioxidant called lycopene, tomatoes can help prevent and delay the progression of prostate cancer. In one research, men who ate canned and cooked tomatoes at least five times a week reduced their prostate cancer risk by up to 28 percent. Mixing tomatoes with olive oil helps with absorption.
Another prostate cancer-preventing food is broccoli. Broccoli is at the top when it comes to cancer-preventing foods, because it is rich in glucoraphanin, which converts to isothiocyanates in the body and helps with the removal of cancer-causing toxins and protects cells and DNA from damage. Cooking it with olive oil increases its nutritional value.
Cayenne is found in chili peppers and contains capsaicin, which in studies have been shown to cause apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. It can kill cancer cells and inhibit tumor growth.
The flavonoids found in green tea inhibit tumor growth and carcinogenesis as well as metastasis in many cancers. Flavonoids also help reduce PSA levels, which are elevated in those with prostate cancer. The catechins found in green tea also impact prostate cancer cells and prevent carcinogenesis and mutation.
Other than prostate cancer, an enlarged prostate is a common problem. Adding nuts to your diet, particularly pumpkin seeds, can help prevent enlargement of the prostate. Brazil nuts, almonds, and walnuts also reduce the risk of prostate cancer. Those with the disease are less likely to die of it with a diet rich in nuts.
Physical activity has been shown to reduce the risk of prostate cancer and helps mitigate the negative effects of treatment and improves survival rates of those who have been diagnosed with the condition. It is the subsequent weight loss from exercise that makes the biggest difference in improving prostate health. Examples of exercises to start with include brisk walking, swimming, cycling, and low-impact aerobics, such as leg lifts and sit-ups. Having a consistent routine and engaging in moderate physical activities that you enjoy rather than high-intensity exercises can help you maintain a normal weight and reap benefits.
Urologist in Phoenix, AZ
Dr. Desi Avila at Ironwood Urology is an expert at diagnosing and treating prostate conditions. He can also help you keep a healthy prostate. Dr. Avila specializes in men’s health issues and likes to keep his patients well-informed, so they are empowered to make decisions about their health care and treatment. To schedule an appointment with Dr. Avila, call (480) 961-2323 or use our online request form.